How to learn Thai Final consonants

Learn Final Thai Consonants

Adding a Final Consonant / Ending Consonant

A Thai syllable is made from either

 1. a consonant + vowel

Or   2.  a consonant + vowel + consonant

 

Well, A syllable can end with any vowel, but some consonants are not used in the final position.

NOTE ; These consonants not never used at the end of a syllable:   ฉ ฌ ผ ฝ ห ฮ อ

Then when a syllable does not have a final consonant, it is called open, the pronunciation of the vowel ends the pronunciation of the syllable.

For Example

–  ตา (eyes) ,
ต is a consonant and –า is a vowel (aa, long sound)  So, ตา = dtaa   it ends by the vowel sound. (-า, aa)

But  If there is a final consonant, the syllable is called closed. In this article we will be discussing closed syllables and the characteristics of their final consonants.

For Example

–  ตาม(follow) , ต is a consonant and –า is a vowel (aa, long sound) and ม is a consonant which is End the syllable by m sound  So,  ตาม = dtaam   it ends by the consonant sound. (ม, m)

There are 8 consonant ending sounds, 8 word-ending protocols,  used in Thai  m, n, ng, y, w,  k, t, and p  in Thai we called 8 มาตราตัวสะกด (8;phet , มาตรา ;maat dtraa , ตัวสะกด ; dtua sa kot) And it’s important to recognize the endings of closed syllables as either live or dead


Live Endings

live consonant endings  are divided into 2 types

The first ,sometimes referred to as “long final consonants” are characterized by their sonorous sound. They can be hummed indefinitely and tend to resonate. In phonetics, they’re called “nasal.”  There are 3 consonants  -n(น), -m(ม) and –ng (ง)

The another is Diphthongs sound has 2 consonants –w (ว) and –y(ย) Phoneticians call these “approximants.”

 

  • มาตราแม่ กน  ; maat^ dtraa- maae^ gon-  ;  protocal – n
  • มาตราแม่ กม ; maat^ dtraa- maae^ gom-  ; protocal – m-
  • มาตราแม่ กง ; maat^ dtraa- maae^ gong-  ; protocal – ng
  • มาตราแม่  เกอว ; maat^ dtraa- maae^ guaaw-  ; protocal – w
  • มาตราแม่ เกย ; maat^ dtraa- maae^ geeuy-  ; protocal – y

For more examples ;

  •  กาลเวลา = gaan- wae- la- (mid sound) = period of time , you can see that  “กาล-” ends by “ล”(l)  and in case for Ending consonants it’s –n sound.  (เวลา= wae la = time)

 

  • นางสาว = nang-(mid sound) sa-aw*(rising sound)  = miss , you can see that  “นาง-” ends by “ง”(ng) Well, “สาว*”  ends by  “ว”(w)

 


Dead Endings

Dead consonant endings  sometimes referred t

 

o as “short final consonants” are characterized by their percussive sound. Their sound cannot be sustained indefinitely and tends to be harsh. They’re known as “plosives.”

  • มาตราแม่ กก  ; maat^ dtraa- maae^ gok-  ;  protocal -k
  • มาตราแม่ กบ ; maat^ dtraa- maae^ gop-  ; protocal  -p
  • มาตราแม่ กด ; maat^ dtraa- maae^ got-  ; protocal  -t

For more examples ;

  •  ถาด  = taat_ (low sound) ,  you can see that  “ถาด”  starts with ถ (t) and ends by “ด”(d)  and in case for Ending consonants it’s –t sound.  (ถาด= taat_ = tray)   *มาตราแม่ กด ; maat^ dtraa- maae^ got-  ; protocal  -t

 

  • รูปภาพ = roop^(้falling sound) paap^(falling sound)  , you can see that  “รูปภาพ”   the first syllable is  รูป start with ร (r) ends by ป (p) and in case for Ending consonants it’s –p sound.
    the second syllable is ภาพ starts with ภ (p/ph) and ends by พ(p/ph)  and in case for Ending consonants it’s –p sound.
    ( รูปภาพ = roop^ paap^ =picture, photograph, drawing ) * มาตราแม่ กบ ; maat^ dtraa- maae^ gop-  ; protocal  -p

So,from now that you have learnt the live and dead endings sound, Soon you will be able to apply the tone rules like a native speaker.

I hope you like this topic. Keep learning.

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.